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Symbolic Meanings of Fish

symbolic meanings of fish

Symbolism and Meanings of Fish

To fully appreciate the symbolic meanings of fish, we must first consider their watery domain.

Water holds ancient symbolic meanings dealing with the subconscious and depth of knowledge. Water contains all the mysteriousness of the unknown.

Consider the murky depths of the ocean - we never know quite what to expect there. Even seasoned oceanic explorers are still awed by their findings from the deep.

Water holds endless mystery to us - it represents that which is certainly there, but cannot be seen.

Water has also been known to be a womb symbol and as such, an emblem of birth, fertility and woman-ness. This association comes from many ancient flood myths, and the "from water springs life" concept.

symbolic meanings of fish

Given the wonder that its domain holds, the fish too has similar symbolic meaning. There are numerous species of fish, but the creature in general holds some prime symbolic meanings:

Symbolic Meanings of Fish: Prime Keywords

  • Fertility
  • Eternity
  • Creativity
  • Femininity
  • Good luck
  • Happiness
  • Knowledge
  • Transformation

The fish was sacred to the Greco-Roman mythology, where it held symbolic meaning of change and transformation. We see this in the myth of Aphrodite and Heros when they turned themselves into fish in order to escape from the ferocious Typhon.

In Christianity, the fish is a symbol of abundance and faith as observed in the Biblical story of fishes and loaves. There are also several Biblical references as Christ and his disciples being "fishers of men." Here, man is represented as the transformational fish and the ocean is a symbol of the abyss of sin in which man finds himself.

symbolic meanings of fish

Fish represent the dream world. It's kind of a no-brainer. They are part of an environment that holds intense mystery. If you think about it, fish live beneath a surface of the unknown. It is a place where we can only see the surface, but underneath is a whole realm of enchantment and wonder. This is what fish bring to the world of symbolism.

Pagan traditions recognized the fish as a feminine symbol of fertility and an attribute of the Goddess. Water is a natural emblem of the flow of the Divine Mother principal, and as such, all creatures of the water (including fish) are aspects of the fertility and power of the female deity.

As an ancient Celtic symbol, the symbolic meaning of fish (salmon, specifically) dealt with knowledge, wisdom, inspiration and prophecy. Ancient Celts believed the salmon derived its wisdom from consuming the sacred hazel nuts from the well of knowledge (Segais). Further, they believed to eat the salmon would mean gaining the wisdom of the well too.

In ancient Eastern Indian mythology, the fish is a symbol of transformation and creation. This is observed in the ancient flood myth in which Vishnu transformed himself into a fish (Matsya) to save the world from a great flood. In this form, he guided king Manu's boat (which contained the select few survivors and seeds of life to re-create the world after the flood subsided) to safety.

Ancient African creation myths tell of Mangala, the creator, planting seeds in the cosmic womb. From these seeds two fish erupted, and were set forth into the cosmos upon the waters of creation. We see from this myth the symbolic meaning of fish yet again deals with fertility and creativity by embodying a new phase of initial life. ( click here for other twin symbols).

In China, the fish is symbolic of unity and fidelity as it is noted that fish (particularly koi fish) often swim together in pairs. With this in mind, fish are often given as wedding gifts in the form of charms or figurines to present the newly-wed couple with an auspicious sign of fidelity and perfect union. They also represent fertility and abundance due to their ability to reproduce in speed and volume.

Furthermore, in the Buddhist way of thought, the fish symbolizes happiness and freedom. Also the fish makes an appearance as one of the eight sacred symbols of the Buddha:

  1. Conch
  2. Lotus
  3. Parasol
  4. Wheel
  5. Knot
  6. Pair of Golden Fish
  7. Banner of Victory
  8. Vase

Each one of these symbols stands for something distinct and profound in the Buddhist way. As far as the fish goes, it holds a symbolic meaning of partnership, joy and liberation. Liberation from what? From the confines of societal expectation. Fish in Eastern opinion are free to swim when and where they wish. This is an ability that is highly coveted, especially in a communist environment. A pair of fish, as you might guess, symbolizes harmony between two entities. This could be between two people. Often robes embroidered with a pair of fish are given to the bride and groom as wedding gifts in Buddhist ceremonies.

But harmony might also be a partnership within oneself. Whoa? Yeah. Let's say you might be of 'two separate minds' about something. Two fish might help you liberate that segmented way of thinking. This dual fishy idea might allow you to swim through conflict and give you the freedom to allow your feelings to live in the ocean of your emotions in peaceful union.

Lastly, in Norse and ancient European cultures, the fish had symbolic meanings of adaptability, determination, and the flow of life. It was observed by these cultures that fish often display enormous attributes of adaptability in the wild, and they adopted these characteristics for themselves. Salmon were commonly revered for their determination in their annual pilgrimage to their spawning grounds - the entire journey that swims against the current.


As with all signs and symbols, the symbolic meanings of fish should be special and personal to each of you. This only provides you with a brief summary of the various symbolic meanings available. Ultimately it is you who determines your own unique and symbolic relationship with fish.

May all your fish encounters give you swimmingly delightful meanings.

Brightly,

Avia

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Avia Venefica

About the Author: Avia Venefica has an undergraduate degree with a focus in anthropology and art. She has also been an understudy in several tribal and spiritual organizations around the nation. Avia is the author of several publications concerning esoteric wisdom, and makes herself available for public speaking/presentations on symbolic topics.